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USA Infantry Weapons: Rifles


Springfield M1903A3/A4 Bolt-Action Rifle

An old reliable rifle, which served with the US Armed Forces for the past 30+ years, the M1903 was a reliable and well liked rifle. Though supplanted in use in the army by the M1 Garand, it was common in the early war years with the Marine Corps and carried the day as the sniper rifle until 1944 when it was being replaced by the M1D Garand. Overall a tough and accurate weapon, loved by the soldiers who used them. The standard rifleman's belt had ten pockets, each holding a pair of five round clips for a total of one hundred rounds.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M1903A3___ 0_______x2______1/2/4/8____0_______AI_____--_1929

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M1903A3___ _ 0_______x31______72______-1______ 5 (.30-06,box)__3.9

 

M1 Garand Semi-Automatic Rifle

The most mass produced semi-automatic rifle during the war, the M1 was the principal rifle of the infantryman, providing the US Army with rapid and strong firepower. It was a reliable weapon, when compared to other designs of the time, and loved by the army, due to its rapid increase in firepower, when compared to the opponents traditional, slower firing bolt-action rifles. So much was this relied upon, that the squads lacked any real LMG, and the BAR did not really provide the firepower needed, when pitted against weapons such as the MG42. The addition of heavy weapons like BAR's, bazookas and recoilless rifles improved the situation, but it took quite some time for this to occur. As a basic load, each soldier was issued ten clips, one carried in each of the pouches of the standard rifle belt. Latterly, bandoliers containing six clips were issued, allowing for anywhere between 80 and 128 rounds to be carried by the average soldier.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M1 Garand___ 0_______x2______1/2/4/8___0(SA)____AI_____--_1932

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M1 Garand____ 0_______x31______72______0______ 8 (.30-06,int)__ 4.1

 

M1941 Johnson Semi-Automatic Rifle

As the pre-war industry was gearing up for full scale production, there became a real shortage of rifles to arm the ever growing forces. This was especially felt in the Marine Corps, who were second in line to receive the new M1 Garand rifle, and were therefore stuck with the old M1903 design. It was than ordered by the navy to produce the competing design for the corps in order to equip the ever growing ranks of the marines. The M1941 Johnson rifle was this competing design. Using a somewhat complicated but reliable short-recoil operation, it fired the .30-06 round from an internal, rotary 10 round magazine. This could be either reloaded round by round or by a five round charger. The design was successful if somewhat unreliable, when compared with the Garand, but used throughout the war with the Marine Corps and later the Special Service Forces. The standard rifleman's belt had ten pockets, each holding a pair of five round chargers for a total of one hundred rounds.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M1941_______ 0_______x2______1/2/4/8___0(SA)____AI_____--_1941

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M1941_______ 0_______x31______72______0______ 10 (.30-06,int)__4.3

M1941 Jam (R1)

 

.30 M1 Carabine

Produced starting in 1941, the M1 carbine was designed to arm rear services and support personnel, such as clerks, drivers and weapon assistants, and became the first personal defense weapon in the world. It was a light, compact, reliable and accurate weapon, firing a low powered cartridge roughly 300 yards. The design was very popular and served throughout the world, being particularly liked for jungle and urban combat. Originally meant to fire full auto as well as semi-automatic, it was thought, that the second-line troops would waste much of the ammo, and therefore the weapon was produced in semi-automatic only. With the arrival of the MP43 assault rifle, the engineers quickly realized the potential of this weapon and the M2 carbine as well as conversion packages became distributed to the troops starting 1944. Ammunition was carried in two pouches containing two magazines each. A total of 75 rounds was carried in addition to the one in the weapon.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M1 Carabine___0_______x1____0/1/2/4____0(SA)____AI_____--_1941

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M1 Carabine___0_______x20______41______0______ 15(.30,box)____2.5

 

.30 M2 Light Assault Rifle

With the first examples of high powered sub-machine guns (assault rifles) seeing service on the eastern front starting 1942 (experimental Mkb42), the US forces became very interested. Believing in the fire superiority of their semi-automatic rifle equipped forces, that edge was seen as being lost with the addition of first assault rifles to the German forces in mass quantities starting in 1943. Therefore the only weapons capable of being produced to fire in full automatic mode, the M1941 rifle and the M1 carbine were rushed to be converted in order to increase individual squad firepower. The M2 carbine is simply the M1 with the added fire selector for full-automatic fire and the addition of a new 30 round clip for the rifle. These together with conversion kits for the M1, were rushed to the troops beginning 1943. Ammunition was carried in two pouches containing two magazines each. A total of 150 rounds was carried in addition to the one in the weapon.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M2 Carabine___0_______x1____0/1/2/4______1______AI_____--_1944

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M2 Carabine___0_______x20______41______2(6)____ 30(.30,box)____2.8

 

M1943 Johnson Automatic Rifle

With the increased firepower bearing down upon the american forces, the US bureau of ordinance passed the firearms improvement act of 1943. The upgrade of the M1 carbine into a light assault rifle as well as the mass addition of BAR, bazookas, 60mm light mortars, flamethrowers and recoilless rifles to infantry squads was a very welcome addition to the already very well equipped forces. The marine corps and the special service forces wanted an even more massive increase in firepower, and saw Johnson's prototype for a light machine gun as the weapon of choice for their all purpose rifle. Wanting something resembling the german FG 40 battle rifle, Johnson took the mass produced M1941 rifle, strengthened it, with the addition of a bipod and removal of most of the wooden stock and added a side loaded 20 round box magazine to it. The result was a light automatic rifle, similar to the BAR, but much lighter and with a shorter effective range. Heavy conversion kits and rifles were shipped to the corps and special service troops late 1943. A six pouch belt holding twelve magazines was worn by the rifleman totaling 240 rounds.

GK Stats:

Weapon____ACC____DM ____Range____ROF____Special____Year

M1943_______ 0_______x2______1/2/4/8___1______AI_____--_1943

GK RPG Stats:

Weapon_____ACC_____DM_____BR_____ROF_____Ammo______Mass

M1943_______ 0_______x31______72_____1-2(4)___ 20(.30-06,box)_5.0

M1943 Jam (R1)